Joseph M.Schenck (1878 – 1961) was a pioneer executive who played a key role in the development of the United States film industry. Born in Rybinsk, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russia, he and his younger brother Nicholas emigrated to New York City in 1893 where they eventually got into the entertainment business operating concessions at New York's Fort George Amusement Park. Recognizing the potential, in 1909 the Schenck brothers purchased Palisades Amusement Park and after that became participants in the fledgling motion picture industry as partners with Marcus Loew, operating a chain of movie theaters. Through his involvement in the film business, in 1916 Joseph Schenck met and married Norma Talmadge, one of the top young stars with Vitagraph Studios.
After parting ways with his brother, Joseph Schenck moved to the West Coast where the future of the film industry seemed to lie. Within a few years the brilliant and ambitious Schenck was made the first president of the new United Artists. In 1930 he partnered with Darryl F. Zanuck to create 20th Century Productions that merged with Fox Film Corporation in 1935. As chairman of the new 20th Century Fox he was one of the most powerful and influential people in the film business.
Nicholas M. Schenck (1881-1969) a pioneer of the motion picture business.