PERESLAVL-ZALESSKY DISTRICT

PERESLAVL-ZALESSKY DISTRICT

 

The Pereslavl-Zalessky district population as of 01/01/2006 was 21,200.

The population of the city of Pereslavl-Zalessky was 42,700.

The district area is 3,108.2 sq. km. The aria of the city of Pereslavl-Zalessky is 22,5 sq. km.

The administrative centre is Pereslavl-Zalessky.

The distance from the district center to Yaroslavl is 124 km.

 

History

 

Pereslavl-Zalessky is one of the most ancient towns of Central Russia. The town was founded by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky in 1152. In the course of years Pereslavl-Zalessky was the capital of the vast princedom. It was here that Alexander Nevsky, an outstanding statesman and military leader was born, lived and reigned. At the beginning of the XIVth century the Pereslavl princedom became a part of the Moscow princedom. The further fate of Pereslavl is closely connected with Moscow.

The town was destroyed and ravaged by the enemy squadrons, burned, but reconstructed again and fortified. Great princes and tzars, such as Ivan III, Vasily III, Ivan the Terrible, came for a stay and sometimes lived in Pereslavl. Fortifications and cathedrals were erected in the town and its outskirts by their order. In 1612, the levies under the leadership of Kozma Minin and Dmitry Pozharsky were staying in Pereslavl.

At the end of the XVII th century Tzar Peter I began building the so-called "poteshnaya flotiliya", thus starting the Russian Navy.

 In the XVIII th century the first manufactures appeared, stone residential, household and industrial buildings were constructed. The last century changed Pereslavl but slightly. Located some distance away from the main roads, the town was growing slowly and hardly developing.

At the end of the XIX th century the first strikes took place at Pereslavl factories, as the revolutionary struggles of working people started.

Nowadays Pereslavl-Zalessky is the district centre of the Yaroslavl Oblast, the town of chemists and weavers. New blocks of buildings, schools, kindergartens, hospitals, day nurseries grew in the outskirts of the town.

 

 

 

Socio-economic background

 

There are 307 settlements on the district's territory, including 9 with natural gas supplied.  The majority of inhabitants live in centres of rural administrations. In certain settlements the number summer residents exceeds the number of local residents or constitutes the whole population.

There are such mineral resources as sand, gravel, mineral spring water, turf, sapropel, wood in the district.

The Moscow-Archangelsk highway and the spur line of the Northern railroad run through the district's territory.

1,300 people are engaged in goods manufacturing, 1,100 people - in agri-food production. Three rural settlements are created in the district, they are Prigorodnoye, Nagoryevskoye, Ryazantsevskoye.

There are 31 industrial enterprises on the district territory. The most significant are the following: "Gamma" Ltd. specializing in flute and flute package manufacturing, "Golden Ring" Ltd. - printing art, tobacco manufacturing, "Gosyarpack" Ltd. - package manufacturing, "Zenith" Ltd. - wood-processing, construction, "Kilos" Ltd. - low alcohol beverage manufacturing, "Ideal" Ltd. - manufacturing goods for domestic animals, "Rural business PTP" Ltd. - manufacturing soil for sprouts, "mechanized transport column - 11" CJSC - road building.

Agri-food manufacturing is represented by 25 farmsteads and households as well as 400 farms.

"Pleshcheyevo Lake" national park is located on the district's territory. The park area  amounts to 23,000 hectares, conservation zone - to 54,000 hectares.

There are 25 schools, 21 kindergartens, 24 rural clubs, 22 farming agricultural enterprises, 5 hospitals, 2 outpatient departments, 62 boiler-houses, including 8 gas boiler-rooms, on the district's territory.

Total area of available housing makes up 561,000 sq m. All the settlements are electrified and 60% gasified presently.

Full gasification of the district has been started since 2006.

 

Investment potential

 

Tourism and infrastructural development are the main lines. Agriculture development should be made at the coast of summer residents who are abundant on the district’s territory.

 

Tourism

 

There are 18 functioning churches, a monastery and a nunnery on the district's territory. The district's centre is a part of "the Golden Ring of Russia".

Well-known are monuments of a historical and architectural value of Pereslavl-Zalessky. Earth mounds of the XII c., well-preserved till present days, are outstanding military-defence installations of the Old Russia stretching for about 2.5 km. In the town centre near the walls overtops the Transfiguration of the Saviour white-stoned cathedral built at the time of the town foundation in 1152.

A number of diverse interesting constructions of the XVI-XVII cc. are preserved in Pereslavl-Zalessky. Monuments of ancient architecture are studied and restored.

A significant role in the town's appearance play architectural monastery ensembles, such as Nikitsky, Danilovsky, Fyodorovsky, Nikolsky, Goritsky. Four of them are functioning.  Today the Pereslavl-Zalessky Museum-Preserve of history, architecture and fine arts is located on the territory of the Goritsky monastery. One can see interesting old Russian paintings of the XV-XVII th cc., portraits, landscapes, sculptures of the XVIII-XIX th cc, creative works of Soviet artists. Visitors will see historical documents, samples of produce made by town's enterprises.

 

The St. Nicolas'- Solbinsky monastery

The time of foundation of the monastery can be traced back to the beginning of the XVIth century. In 1710, the Solbin hermitage was given as a tribute to the Borisoglebsky monastery. In 1903, the Solbin hermitage was renamed from the monastery into nunnery. By 1914, there were 115 nuns, with the territory having 5 residential buildings, a horse stable, a farm-yard and two mills set on the Solba river.

During the Soviet period the monastery was turned into a parish church and then closed. Since 1996 the Solbin St.Nicolas nunnery has been reviving.

 

Nikitsky monastery

Nikitsky monastery, located in the northern part of Pereslavl, is one of the oldest in the region. It was founded at the end of the XIth -beginning of the XIIth cc. It became famous owing to the Pereslavl miracle-worker Nikita, a former collector of taxes. Confining himself to living without the outer world, the saint man became famous for numerous miracles including the healing of  Prince of Chernigov, Mikhail. Ivan the Terrible devoted much of his time to the monastery, stone construction  of the monastery being accomplished during his reign.

 

Museum of steam-engines

Not far from Pereslavl, in an old railroad depot of a small village Talitsi,  there is a museum of steam-engines.

On rails under the open air stand not yet "refined" future exhibits (old steam-engines and spare parts for them) of the past and one before last centuries. Under the tent near the depot building there can be found really unbelievable articles: a real fire-engine put on rails, a snow-remover, a ZIS for taking party leaders on narrow-gauge railway excursions (as it was happening in the past). There are also very amusing exhibits in the depot building itself, a huge steam-engine contributed by Germany after the WW II that has not ever been able to run the local narrow-gauge railway, small old steam locomotives called "cuckoos" with kerosene lamps inside the headlights, a "go-devil" trolley made by way of a motorbike and many others.

 

Museum-estate "Botik" (an affiliation of the Pereslavl museum)

Museum-estate "Botik" is located 4 km away from the town on mountain Gremyach on the southern bank of lake Pleshcheyevo.

It was right there that in 1692 the first Russian military flotilla (fleet) was launched by young tzar  Peter  I. And on August, 1, 1803, one of the first Russian provincial museums was opened. The buildings and installations were constructed by the Vladimir noblemen as a commemoration of Peter I's deeds.

Initially, the authentic things of the end of the XVIIth century have been stored there, witnessing creation of the Russian navy.

 The "Fortune" boat is the only vehicle of the Peter's flotilla that survived. Also there are exhibited sea crafts, a cauldron for tar boiling, the remainder of the clock mechanism and a copper eagle that used to decorate the Peter I's Palace, as well as the monument to Peter I by sculptor Rastrelli.

 

The Blue stone

Several km away from Pereslavl-Zalessky on the bank of lake Pleshcheyevo, (now the place is called the "Kleshhchin complex" architectural monument), there is an enormous field stone, called the "Blue Stone". Today it is of a bluish grey colour and is being slowly buried into soil. It has long since had the fame of being wonder-working. According to the old residents who transfer different legends by word of mouth, having been on the field stone heals people of a number of diseases, including female sterility.

The "Blue Stone" history dates back to the remote past of this country. By now the historians together with archaeologists have had a reliable evidence of the first settlement on the bank of Pleshcheevo lake which appeared more than 2,000 years ago. The Finns were pioneer settlers, although pagans, however not  making bloody sacrifices. The place of the settlement attracted their attention by a 30-m high mountain overtopping the water, from where one could easily observe remote surroundings.

When the tribe came to the mountain, there it was "the Blue Stone" lying on its top. So, it was only natural that pagan  settlers immediately idolized the field stone, levelled the ground surrounding  it, with a pagan meeting house set on its edge.

Many years passed. The Finns living on the bank of a huge lake amid thick wood were replaced by more numerous and cohesive northern Slavic tribes, also pagans worshipping Yarila, a pagan god. That is why they did not damage the sacred object of their precursors. Besides, they built a big Slavic settlement named Kleshchi. It was there that a town of Pereslavl-Zalessky grew up there afterwards.

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Administration of the Pereslavl-Zalessky municipal district

 

152020, Yaroslavl Region, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Sovetskaya St., 5

phone +7 (48535) 3-13-92,

fax +7 (48535) 3-14-51

The Head of administration of municipal district

Alexandr Anatolyevich Rychkov

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Administration of the Pereslavl-Zalessky urban district

 

152020, Yaroslavl Region, Pereslavl-Zalessky, Narodnaya Sq., 1

phone +7 (48535) 3-28-37

fax +7 (48535) 3-59-44

The town mayor

Andrey Valeryevich Okhapkin